This species of butterfly are among the most spectacular and are becoming increasingly economical and could be a part of a sustainable industry. This Action Plan states that these invertebrates face threats of extinction in many parts of the world and Jamaica is no exception.
The threat to the survival of this species has been recognized. In 1985, the World Conservation Union (IUCN) upgraded homerus from threatened to endangered. As a result of the above, homerus is listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) since 1987 as well as in the Third Schedule of Jamaica's Wild Life Protection Act since 1988.
The homerus swallowtail is endemic to the island of Jamaica, where in the past it inhabited seven of the thirteen parishes. Today it is only found in two isolated areas - St. Thomas and Portland and; the Cockpit Country of Trelawny.
Threats to this species include: deforestation; parasitoids; predators and poaching.
Conservation and recovery measures outlined in the Action Plan include:
This Plan establishes a point of reference on environmental education for sustainable development regarding where we stand; what has been done; the key actors; the major target groups; and goes further and identifies programme areas, priority themes and potential partners. The Plan therefore creates a strategic framework within which to place and relate future actions.
The Plan's overall expected result is based on a broadly shared vision of a desired quality of life for a 21" century Jamaica. The expected results identified for each of the programme areas contribute directly to the achievement of the Plan's overall result.