Harbour, one of the largest well protected natural harbours in
the world, is located on the southeastern coast of Jamaica, borders
Kingston, the capital city, and is the country's major port.
The Harbour is a valuable resource for the people of Jamaica, providing port
and airport facilities, fishing, site for thousands of industrial and commercial
enterprises, as well as home for hundreds of thousands of Jamaicans.
At present the full value of Kingston Harbour is not being maximised, as the
water quality has been badly degraded, and the surrounding land area has also
deteriorated in many places. Improvement in these areas would enable its use
for a range of recreation and tourism activities, thus providing employment for
thousands of Jamaicans.
In addition, the rich biodiversity of the harbour is under threat from pollution
and alien species brought there by shipping.
The very feature that makes Kingston Harbour a safe and sheltered haven, contribute
to its vulnerability to pollution: it is largely, landlocked, with a relatively
small opening on the southeastern end.